Conservative estimate indicate that up to 80% of the population unknowingly has some form of gum disease. Left untreated, bacterial infection can severly damage oral health and contribute to increased risk for heart attack, stroke and pregnancy complications.
There are different stages of gum disease. The first stage is what most people are familiar with is gingivitis. Gingivitis causes your gums may be red and swollen and they possibly may bleed easily. You will probably be feeling little discomfort at this stage and gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and a good oral homecare routine.
The next stage is called periodontitis. This is when plaque begins to grow below the gum line making it hard to clean. The toxins from the bacteria found in the plaque irate the gums resulting your body turning on itself.  The tissues in the bones that support your teeth are broken down and destroyed. Eventually the gums separate and form air pockets which become infected. This can result in loose teeth and if not treated tooth removal.
There are different types of periodontitis that are commonly seen. The first is chronic periodontitis. This has a slow to moderate rate of progression and usually happens more commonly in adults.
Aggressive periodontitis is the rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.